Monday
23.10.2017
14:00 Uhr
Seminar SeriesPublic
Question even more: A comparative assessment of the activity of Russian international news media on Twitter
Location
B6, 30-32 - Room 310
Date
start: 23.10.2017 - 14:00 Uhr
end: 23.10.2017 - 15:00 Uhr

Speaker:
Karina Shyrokykh - LMU Munich
Abstract:
This paper investigates how Twitter is being used by Russian international news media. From a comparative perspective, it focuses on the characteristics of their communication and the patterns of users' interaction with these news media content. In doing so, the paper (a) explores and compares the content of Russian (RT and Sputnik) and Western (CNN, BBC, and Spiegel) international news media and, (b) describes the composition of the debates by highlighting the most prevailing topics over time, as well as (c) investigates to what extent their messages find resonance with their audience by capturing the like- and retweet-patterns. Utilizing text analysis and machine learning techniques, the present paper illustrates that Russian media is disproportionally focused on the topics related to Ukraine. The findings also suggest that Russian media experiences hyperactivity at time periods relating to Russia's military actions in Ukraine. Moreover, the analysis reveals that Russian media is systematically much more negative than Western media in its sentiment. At the same time, in comparison to more established media, the extent of users' interaction with Russian media is rather negligible. Although RT and Sputnik are more active on Twitter than their Western counterparts, their content receives significantly fewer likes and retweets. This paper contributes to the discussion of the extent to which Russian disinformation attempts can find resonance with international audience. It also helps better understand news media behavior on social media platforms.

Monday
06.11.2017
14:00 Uhr
Seminar SeriesPublic
Seeds of Populism: Media Coverage of Violence and Anti-Immigration Politics
Location
B6, 30-32 - Room 310
Date
start: 06.11.2017 - 14:00 Uhr
end: 06.11.2017 - 15:00 Uhr

Speaker:
Stephanos Vlachos - University of Lausanne
Abstract:
We study how news coverage of immigrants' criminality impacted municipality-level votes in the 2009 referendum on "Minaret Ban" in Switzerland. The campaign, successfully led by the populist party SVP, played aggressively on the fears of Muslim immigration and linked Islam with terrorism and violence. We make use of an exhaustive dataset of violent crime detection that we combine with detailed information on crime coverage from 12 newspapers. First we quantify the extent of the media bias in covering immigrant's criminality. Second we estimate a theory-based voting equation at the municipality-level. Exploiting random variations in crime occurrences, we find a positive and large effect of news coverage on the votes in favor of the Minaret ban. Our counterfactual quantifications show that, in presence of a law forbidding the report of crime perpetrators nationality, the outcome of the referendum would have been nearly reverted at the national level.

Monday
20.11.2017
14:00 Uhr
Seminar SeriesPublic
Best-Loser Rules, Mixed-Member Electoral Systems and the Descriptive Representation of Women
Location
B6, 30-32 - Room 310
Date
start: 20.11.2017 - 14:00 Uhr
end: 20.11.2017 - 15:00 Uhr

Speaker:
Yann P. Kerevel - Lousiana State University
Abstract:
Proportional representation (PR) electoral systems are commonly considered more advantageous for the election of women compared to majoritarian electoral systems. In mixed electoral systems, female candidates are often more likely to be elected through the PR tier of the electoral system compared to females running in single-member district races. While most mixed systems employ a closed-list, a number of national and sub-national legislatures use some form of best-loser provision whereby losing district candidates are ordered on the PR list based on their performance in single-member districts. It is likely the contamination of the PR lists by the single-member district results reduces the advantage women candidates have in the PR tier, thereby reducing the overall number of elected female legislators in cases where best-loser laws are used. This paper examines the extent to which best-loser laws impact the election of women through a comparison of sub-national legislatures in Mexico and Germany and Japan’s House of Representatives.

Monday
04.12.2017
14:00 Uhr
Seminar SeriesPublic
tba
Location
B6, 30-32 - Room 310
Date
start: 04.12.2017 - 14:00 Uhr
end: 04.12.2017 - 15:00 Uhr

Speaker:
Philipp Denter - Universidad Carlos III de Madrid