Monday
27.03.2017
14:00 Uhr
Seminar SeriesPublic
Gerrymandering in America: The House of Representatives, the Supreme Court, and the Future of Popular Sovereignty
Location
SFB Room 014/015, Ground Floor L 13,17
Date
start: 27.03.2017 - 14:00 Uhr
end: 27.03.2017 - 15:00 Uhr

Speaker:
Charles Anthony Smith - University of California, Irvine
Abstract:
The Supreme Court's decision in Vieth v Jubelirer (2004) made challenging a congressional districting plan on the grounds of partisan gerrymandering almost impossible. We demonstrate that in the 2010 re-districting round after Vieth, partisan bias increased dramatically. From a Constitutional perspective, unrestrained partisan gerrymandering poses a critical threatto a central pillar of democracy: popular sovereignty. In Vieth, Kennedy suggested there was an absence of a constitutionally grounded and legally manageable standard for gerrymandering. We argue (and demonstrate) that the scientifically rigorous "partisan symmetry measure" is an appropriate legal standard for assessing partisan gerrymandering as it is a necessary condition of equal protection and can be practically applied.

Wednesday
05.04.2017
14:00 Uhr
Joint AEE & SFB 884 SeminarPublic
Parenting Style as an Investment in Human Development
Location
Building L7, 3-5 , Room P 043
Date
start: 05.04.2017 - 14:00 Uhr
end: 05.04.2017 - 15:00 Uhr

Speaker:
Deborah Cobb-Clark - University of Sydney
Abstract:
We propose a household production function approach to human development that explicitly considers the role of parenting style in child rearing. Specifically, parenting style is modelled as an investment that depends not only on inputs of time and market goods, but also on attention. Our model relates socioeconomic disadvantage to parenting style and human development through the constraints that disadvantage places on cognitive capacity. We find empirical support for key features of our model. Parenting style is a construct that is distinctive to standard parental investments and is important for young-adult outcomes. Effective parenting styles are negatively correlated with disadvantage. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The group "Applied Economics and Econometrics" (AEE) and the SFB 884 present this joint seminar. For more information on AEE, please have a look here: https://www2.vwl.uni-mannheim.de/31.0.html

Monday
24.04.2017
14:00 Uhr
Seminar SeriesPublic
The Political Consequences of Terrorism. A Quasi-Experimental Approach.
Location
SFB Room 014/015, Ground Floor L 13,17
Date
start: 24.04.2017 - 14:00 Uhr
end: 24.04.2017 - 15:00 Uhr

Speaker:
Laia Balcells - Duke University
Abstract:
We investigate the consequences of terrorism on political behavior by leveraging of a set of "natural experiments'". We study several attacks against civilians and combatants (e.g. members of the army and police forces) perpetrated by E.T.A., a Basque terrorist organization that was active in Spain and France between 1958 and 2011. Using national-wide surveys that were being fielded when the attacks occurred, we precisely identify the effects of terrorist violence on individual political participation in democratic elections. We find that both lethal and non-lethal terrorist attacks significantly increased turnout. However, we do not observe punishment to the incumbent government as a consequence of the attacks. Our results contrast with some previous findings on the political consequences of terrorism, but are consistent with existing studies on other forms of political and criminal violence, which suggest that exposure to violence can lead citizens to engage in politics in order to heal from trauma as well as to show discontent. Our results have an important implication: by enhancing political engagement of citizens, terrorism could have the unintended effect of reinforcing democracy. Co-author: Gerard Torrats-Espinosa (NYU)

Monday
08.05.2017
14:00 Uhr
Seminar SeriesPublic
Party Polarization in Legislatures with Office-Motivated Candidates
Location
SFB Room 014/015, Ground Floor L 13,17
Date
start: 08.05.2017 - 14:00 Uhr
end: 08.05.2017 - 15:00 Uhr

Speaker:
James Snyder - Havard University
Abstract:
We develop a theory of legislative competition in which voters care about local candidate valence and national party positions that are determined by the parties'median legislators. As long as election outcomes are sufficiently predictable, the onlystable equilibria exhibit policy divergence between the parties.If the degree of uncertainty about election outcomes decreases, and if voters placeless weight on local candidates' valence, polarization between the parties increases.Furthermore, a systematic electoral shock makes the party favored by the shock moremoderate, while the disadvantaged party becomes more extreme.Finally, we examine data on state elections and the ideological positions of statelegislatures and find patterns that are consistent with key predictions of our model.

Monday
22.05.2017
14:00 Uhr
Seminar SeriesPublic
tba
Location
SFB Room 014/015, Ground Floor L 13,17
Date
start: 22.05.2017 - 14:00 Uhr
end: 22.05.2017 - 15:00 Uhr

Speaker:
Giovanni Mastrobuoni - University of Essex